Keesey Treatment - History
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The Keesey treatment, or negative galvanic treatment, was invented by a gentleman named Keesey, a medical doctor in Chicago. At the time, in the mid 1930s, he and a guy named Druyck were kind of competing with each other, trying to come up with a nonsurgical treatment for hemorrhoids. And they both came up with this galvanic idea in a similar time period. Keesey ran with it first and got his name put on it. He experimented with different galvanic currents, discovering distinct purposes for negative and positive currents. Physiologically, positive galvanism offers just as much therapeutic effect, but the metallic tip on the unit ionizes and corrodes, so it needs to be replaced after just a couple of sessions. But the negative pole delivers similar physiological effects without destruction of the electrode.
I’ve tried the positive and as expected, it just fries the tips. It was OK, I used disposable tips, but it just doesn't work quite as well. And all of the literature is on negative so I just used the negative.
Prior to about 1980, we sterilized the tips of the handheld unit in an autoclave (high-heat bath). Since then we’ve used disposable tips, which of course are changed after each treatment.
The actual electrodes have changed too. We used to use a single-tipped electrode, and now I use a double-tipped electrode, and we even had some made with four tips experimentally. They did work faster but were more difficult to control, so we decided to stay with the double-tipped electrode.